Dementia – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

old man

Dementia is a general term to describe a decrease in mental ability. This disorder is characterized by a decrease in memory or a condition in which a person has difficulty remembering something from his memory .

People with dementia will generally experience depression, mood swings and behavior, difficulty socializing, until hallucinating. Patients are unable to live independently and need the support of others. Keep in mind that not everyone who experiences memory loss or decreased brain function can be associated with dementia.

Symptoms of dementia

The symptoms of dementia can vary greatly, at least two of the following mental core functions must be significantly impaired so that a person can be considered affected by dementia:

  • Memory / memory
  • Communication and language
  • The ability to focus and pay attention
  • Reasoning and consideration
  • Visual perception

Dementia is often mistaken for being called senile / memory loss because many people consider this to be a normal part of the aging process. Many dementias are progressive, meaning symptoms begin to appear slowly and gradually get worse.

If you or a loved one is having difficulties in memory / memory or other changes in thinking ability, don’t ignore them. Check with your doctor immediately to determine the cause.

Professional evaluation can detect treatable conditions. If symptoms lead to dementia, early diagnosis allows one to get the maximum benefit from available treatments.

Causes of Dementia

Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. This damage disrupts the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other. When brain cells cannot communicate normally, brain functions such as thinking, behaving and regulating feelings can be affected.

The brain has many different areas, each responsible for different functions (for example, memory, consideration and movement). When cells in a particular area are damaged, the area cannot perform its function normally.

One type of dementia associated with brain cell damage is Alzheimer’s. When certain proteins in brain cells increase, it makes the brain cells difficult to stay healthy and communicate with each other.

The brain region called the hippocampus is the center of learning and memory in the brain, and brain cells in this area were the first to experience damage. That’s why memory loss is one of the early symptoms of Alzheimer’s.

Meanwhile, memory problems caused by the following conditions can improve when this condition is treated or treated:

  • Depression
  • Drug side effects
  • Excess alcohol use
  • Thyroid problem
  • Vitamin deficiency

Diagnosis of Dementia

Doctors diagnose Alzheimer’s and types of dementia based on medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and characteristic changes in thinking, basic daily activities and behaviors associated with types of dementia.

Doctors can determine that a person has dementia, but it is difficult to determine precisely the type of dementia because of the symptoms and changes in the brain from different dementia. In some cases, your doctor may diagnose dementia and not determine the type. To get the diagnosis right you can visit a neurologist.

Dementia Treatment

Treatment of dementia depends on the cause. In progressive cases, including Alzheimer’s disease, there is no cure and no treatment that slows or stops its development.

But there are temporary drug treatments that can improve symptoms. The same drug used to treat Alzheimer’s is one drug that is sometimes prescribed to help other types of dementia. In addition, non-drug therapy can also alleviate some of the symptoms of dementia.

Some risk factors for dementia, such as age and genetics cannot be changed. But researchers continue to explore the impact of other risk factors on brain health and prevention of dementia. Some of the most active things from research in risk reduction and prevention include cardiovascular factors, physical fitness, and diet.

  • Cardiovascular risk factors: Changes in blood vessels in the brain associated with vascular dementia. Vascular dementia often presents with changes caused by other types of dementia. These changes can interact to cause a faster decline or make the disorder worse. You can help protect your brain with several similar strategies to protect the heart, such as: not smoking, maintaining blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar within the recommended limits and maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Physical exercise: Regular physical exercise can help reduce the risk of several types of dementia. Evidence shows that exercise can directly benefit brain cells by increasing blood flow and oxygen to the brain.
  • Diet: What you eat can have an impact on brain health through heart health. Evidence Research shows that a heart-healthy diet, such as the Mediterranean diet, can also help protect the brain. The Mediterranean diet includes eating relatively little red meat and multiplying grains, fruits, vegetables, fish, shellfish, nuts, olive oil and other healthy fats.